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Odborné články

Odeslal: Po 27. Ún 2017 14:28:10
od Majk
Zatím tu není žádné souhrnné vlákno pro sdílení různých tématicky spřízněných odborných publikací, vytvářím tak na tomto místě. Přikládám i první článek, na který jsem narazil při rešerši JAR.

The Archaeology of Historic Battlefields: A History and Theoretical Development in Conflict Archaeology
Douglas D. Scott, Andrew P. McFeaters
Journal of Archaeological Research

Abstract: "In the last two and a half decades there have been many advances in the technology available to archaeologists. As new technologies have been used to challenge previously held hypotheses and expand the capabilities of current research, they also have assisted the expansion of archaeology to include conflict archaeology. Although there has been a long history of interest in the material remains of conflict, it is only recently that the necessary tools, methodology, and theoretical approaches have been combined to allow serious scientific contributions to the holistic study of past human conflict. This article provides an overview of the origins of conflict archaeology and research that has helped consolidate the subfield into its present form. We examine the current state of conflict studies and consider what lies ahead for conflict archaeology."

Re: Odborné články

Odeslal: Čt 10. Srp 2017 13:36:26
od Majk
How much did the soldiers dig? A quantification of WW1 remains in Argonne, France
Jérôme Brenot, Nicolas Saulière, Cédric Léty, Pierre Taborelli, Bruno Zélie, Rémi Blondeau, Alain Devos, Yves Desfossés

Abstract:"The Franco-German front lines of the Argonne Forest in northern France, now partially preserved under forest cover, were the subject of a geoarchaeological survey that aimed at documenting the geomorphic impact of WW1 on battlefield topography. An archaeological field program, including pedestrian survey and excavation, was combined with geoarchaeological survey, archival research, and a large-scale lidar survey, the goal being to map and quantify all surface war remains within the study area and their postwar morphological history. These data allowed for the calculation of variations in landscape relief (as displaced sediment volume) related to the construction of the trenches as well as sediment displaced through artillery shelling. Results show that displaced sediment volumes range between 1000 and 2000 m³/ha, and reflect the intensity of trench warfare on the landscape; we are able to document differences in trench building and maintenance between the French and German sides, as well as how artillery shelling altered the landscape. The lidar data, when combined with military maps produced during the war, as well as field verification, highlight the persistence of the now long-abandoned trenches and wider landscape."

Re: Odborné články

Odeslal: Stř 27. Zář 2017 14:32:13
od Majk
Archaeology and Contemporary Warfare
Susan Pollock
Annual Review of Anthropology

Abstract: "In the contemporary world, archaeology has become drawn, sometimes in dramatic fashion, into the violence of war. Archaeologists have taken part in monitoring and attempting to protect sites, museums, and monuments. However, they have engaged to a lesser extent with the underlying connections between damage to and destruction of archaeological remains and the reasons why archaeology has become increasingly both a target and a weapon of war. To highlight the complex intertwining of archaeology and war, this review examines the relationships among archaeologists' conceptions of their profession, the spiraling commodification of remains of the past, understandings and practices of cultural heritage, and the willful destruction of archaeological sites and objects, with a focus on Western Asia."

Re: Odborné články

Odeslal: Ne 18. Ún 2018 0:37:30
od LaPatte
Historyczne pole bitwy jako stanowisko archeologiczne / Historical battlefeld as an archaeological site. Selected issues
Jakub Wrzosek
Ochrona Zabytków

Abstract: The article presents the reasons why a battlefeld should be treated as an archaeological site and examined using the methods developed by archaeology. The author discusses the defnitions, research methodology and methods as well as the characteristics of artefacts retrieved from this type of sites.